NativeTech: Native American Technology & Art

Boozhoo niiji, biindigen!
Greetings friend, come in!


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Culture, Art, History,
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... for my Shinob friends

An Ojibwe Language Word List

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Books, News & Authors
Anishinaabe People
Other Resources

Links to Ojibwe Culture

Aadizookaanag, Dibaajimowin: Traditional and True Native American Stories - Paula Giese

The first word -- Dibaajimowin -- in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe language) means just a story -- but the first part of the word -- dibaa -- is a meaning-part that suggests its words are measured, thoughtful, observed, judged. Here, those are are histories, personal narratives, experiences -- truths of that kind. The second long word -- Aadizookaan -- means "a traditional story", what anthros and all sorts of people seem to like calling legends or myths.

Anishinabe Migration Story - NATCHAT mailing list

The Anishnabe Migration Story, since it covers several hundred years and includes many stories by Individuals and tribes who were part of--then split off along--the path is not in print. It goes back to East Coastal Algonquian tribes, and is "still going on now," i.e. to try to understand the 6th or 7th Fires.

Gitizee Elderly Center at Onigum

On Leech Lake Reservation each weekday afternoon the elders of Onigum gather and share a hot meal together. A few years before there wasn't a Center mainly for the elders to go to. The meals were prepared at the local Community Center where at times meals could not be served due to funerals, community gatherings, and political meetings leaving most of the elders without their daily meal.

GLIFWC (Great Lakes Indian Fisheries Committee) Homepage

Comprised of eleven sovereign tribal governments located throughout Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan, the Commission's purpose is to protect and enhance treaty-guaranteed rights to hunt, fish, and gather on inland territories ceded under the Chippewa treaties of 1836, 1837, 1842, and 1854; to protect and enhance treaty guaranteed fishing on the Great Lakes; and to provide cooperative management of these resources.


Miami Indians Ethnohistory Archives 1600-1640 (AR VIII, Bureau of American Ethnology) by W. J. Hoffman

Mishomis Book - Ojibway Creation Story

Win Awenen Nisitotung newspaper "Mishomis Books" of the Ojibway Indians. The monthly teachings: The Ojibway Creation Story by Edward Benton-Banai

Ojibway Clan System

People of all nations in the world essentially have the same basic needs: food, protection, education, medicine and leadership. Traditionally, the Ojibway Clan System was created to provide leadership and to care for these needs. There were seven original clans and each clan was known by its animal emblem, or totem. The animal totem symbolized the strength and duties of the clan. The seven original clans were given a function to serve for their people.

Ojibway Culture and History

According to Professor Dennis Jones who teaches the Ojibway language at the University of Minnesota, either Ojibwe or Ojibway are actually correct spellings, but some people feel Ojibwe should be the preferred standardized spelling.

Rose's Native American Home Page

Anin (hello), and welcome to my web page, my name is Rose Edwards, I am an Ojibwa Indian from the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC). My Indian names are Wauwaushkaesh (wah-wah-ski-see) Little Deer which was given to me by my Grandfather when I was a child, my other/adult Ojibwa name is Migadideekwe (mih-gah-dee-day-ay-kway) Fighting Woman.

Seven Fires Prophecies of the Anishinabe

The first prophet said to the people, "In the time of the First Fire, the Anishinabe nation will rise up and follow the sacred shell of the Midewiwin Lodge. The Midewiwin Lodge will serve as a rallying point for the people and its traditional ways will be the source of much strength. The Sacred Megis will lead the way to the chosen ground of the Anishinabe. You are to look for a turtle shaped island that is linked to the purification of the earth. You will find such an island at the beginning and at the end of your journey. There will be seven stopping places along the way. You will know the chosen ground has been reached when you come to a land where food grows on water. If you do not move you will be destroyed.

Song Catcher Frances Densmore Of Red Wing

With little scientific training, and only a modicum of outside support, the young music teacher from a respectable Midwestern family vowed to preserve the old Indian songs in wax. Frances Densmore spent her life trying to gather up scraps and artifacts of the old Indian ways, shipping them off to the high ground of the Smithsonian Institution before a tide of American progress rose to carry them away.

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Links to Ojibwe Arts

Anishinabeck: People of This Place

Nintey Anishinabe elders, parents, artists, and professional participated in the creation of this stirring exhibition which tells the story of their people's journey through the turbulent times of Michigan's frontier upheaval to the present. Direct quotes, photographs and interactive video interviews describe the life and culture of the state's first families.

Bandoliers: Native American Beadwork - Paula Giese

What are they? Meanings, uses, who made them - Medical (Midèwewin) bandoliers -- And A Sad Story - Ojibwe Embroidered Bandolier Bags - Ojibwe Woven Beadwork Bandolier Bags -The 3 oldest bandoliers: Southeastern, Cherokee, and Lenni Lenape - Late 19th century bandoliers made - by other tribes.

Manidoominens: Sacred Seeds--Native American Beadwork - Paula Giese

Manidoominens -- Anishnaabemowin for "seed beads" means "little seed (-minens) that's a gift of the spirit (Manidoo), or Spirit Seeds. "Miinens" is the fruit of the hawthorn tree, miinensagaawunzh. Perhaps seed beads were named for this tree because its 5-lobed leaves reminded the women of hands.

Museum of Ojibwa Culture

The city-operated museum and park portray a vivid picture of life in the Straits of Mackinac over 300 years ago when Ojibwa, Huron, Odawa and French lifestyles met at this protected bay. Museum exhibits show Ojibwa Indian culture and traditions, the French contact period, and the site's rich archaeology.

River of Song: Music Along the River - Ojibway Music from Minnesota

Music was one of the last areas of American Indian culture to receive serious attention from scholars. Several factors were responsible for this-principal among them the inability to preserve examples for study before Thomas A. Edison invented the recording machine in 1879. Also, most listeners found the music to be unattractive and "primitive" by Euro-American standards. In the 1890s, however, the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology began to encourage active collecting of Indian music.

Whetung Ojibwa Centre, Curve Lake Reserve, Ontario

Experience the traditions of the past reflected in the present. We are located in the heart of Curve Lake Indian Reserve in the beautiful central Ontario Kawartha (Shining Waters) lakelands, only two hours north east of Toronto, Canada. Whetung Ojibwa Centre offers a spectacular collection of Indian crafts as well as fine art

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Ojibwe History

Chippewa Treaties Understanding and Impact

This is the second edition of Chippewa Treaty Rights: Understanding and Impact, a booklet first produced to provide a resource for younger readers. It is hoped that the publication will introduce the reader to Anishinaabe history and culture as well as the modern day exercise of treaty rights and resource management of the tribes.

Michigan Tribes

There are three major tribal groups in Michigan today: the Chippewa (Ojibwe), the Ottawa, and the Potawatomi. They comprise what is called the Three Fires Council. Although these three tribes have similar cultures and share the same territory, there are still some differences.

Michigan's First People

The information and stories contained on these pages tell about the first people who lived in Michigan. They were here long before the explorers, the fur traders, and the settlers. The most recently added information is at the top of the page. The resources listed here are intended to be used by fourth grade students who are studying Michigan history.

Mille Lacs Treaty Rights - Channel 4000

One hundred sixty-one years ago, leaders of the Mille Lacs band of Chippewa ventured to the bluffs of Fort Snelling. There, they signed the treaty of 1837, giving the United States deed to their land. In exchange, they were granted hunting, fishing and gathering rights to sustain a way of life.

Ojibway History Text

Ojibway History, Culture, Resources, Films/videos, Pic River, and Anishinabe Links The fundamental essence of Anishinabe life is unity. The oneness of all things. In our view history is expressed in the way that life is lived each day. Key to this is the belief that harmony with all created things has been achieved. The people cannot be separated from the land with its cycle of seasons or from the other mysterious cycles of living things - of birth and growth and death and new birth. The people know where they come from. The story is deep in their hearts.


The Ojibwe occupied the forest country around the North shore of Lake Huron and both shores of Lake Superior. They were located from Minnesota and Wisconsin to the Turtle Mountains of North Dakota after being pushed out of Canada by the French.

Ojibwe History

In a tradition shared with the Ottawa and Potawatomi, the Ojibwe remember a time when they lived near an ocean. This may have been the Atlantic near the gulf of the St. Lawrence, but more likely it was Hudson Bay. Sometime around 1400, the North America climate became colder, and the first Ojibwe, Ottawa and Potawatomi bands started to arrive on the east side of Lake Huron. The Ottawa remained at the mouth of the French River and Lake Huron islands, but the Ojibwe and Potawatomi continued northwest occupying the shoreline to the Mackinac Strait which separates upper and lower Michigan.

People of the Three Fires Native Genealogy

In March and April, 1996, a group of genealogists organized the Michigan Comprehensive Genealogy Database. The idea was to provide a single entry point for all counties in Michigan, where collected databases would be stored. In addition, the databases would be indexed and cross-linked, so that even if an individual were found in more than one county, they could be located in the index.

Treaty With the Chippewa, 1854.

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe, in the State of Wisconsin, between Henry C. Gilbert and David B. Herriman, commissioners on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of Lake Superior and the Mississippi by their chiefs and head-men.

Walpole Island: Chronology of Events 1763 -1994

Aboriginal people have lived on the land and held it in trust for future generations. They have protected the land through their own customs, laws, and ways of life. Aboriginal title and rights have been established through centuries of occupation and use. Walpole Island and the surrounding region is called Bkejwanong or "where the waters divide." It has been home to aboriginal people for over six thousand years. Bkejwanong is the traditional territory of the Walpole Island First Nation. The people are descended from members of the Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi Nations who lived in the area at different times in the past.


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Links to Ojibwe Language Resources

American Indian Studies Department - Ojibwe Language

University of Minnesota - This page explains a few elements of the Ojibwe language course series (AmIn 1021, 1022, 1023, 3024, 3025 and 3028), the content within each course and other course-related information.

Anishinaabe <--> English Translator On-Line

College of St. Scholastica - Word Translators English to Anishinaabe: Anishinaabe equivalent: Anishinaabe to English: English equivalent. >> THE TRANSLATOR IS TEMPORARILY OFF-LINE, BUT WILL BE BACK ON-LINE HOPEFULLY THIS FALL <<

Anishinaabemowin Lynk

This booklet was written to assist students who wish to learn the Anishinabe language. The author does not claim that the students will learn the Anishinaabe language solely from this written material. It is a tool which may help the students learn when used with other materials.

Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs - EFA

With sound wav's for Greetings -- The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and the Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada signed the Framework Agreement on Indian Education in Manitoba on December 5, 1990. The purpose of the Framework Agreement is to develop formal arrangements on education based on community-identified educational needs. Under the terms of the Framework Agreement Initiative, the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs are currently negotiating long-term changes for First Nations education and establishing an implementation plan for setting up a new education system under First Nations Jurisdiction.

Chippewa [ Ojibwe ] [ojiipewa] Language ~ Anishinabemowin ~

This Site is Dedicated to the Preservation of Anishinabebimadissiwin.

Elementary English to Ojibwe Translator

An On-Line Translator - It is in the very early days of its cloning from the Odawa site. Through Albion Cpllege.

FNFP - First Nation Forestry Program

Introduction in Ojibwe as well as in Salish, Cree & Micmac

H-AMINDIAN: Discussion Threads: Long Knves: Indian Ethnonyms for non-Indians

Key to Ojibwe Place Names

Dr. Brian R. Donovan abstract portrait by son Trevor at age 4 Associate Professor of English, Bemidji State University (BSU), Bemidji, Minnesota, USA


The following list contains information about colleges and universities in North America that teach Ojibwa. The institutions are listed alphabetically, with information about course levels and availability, and the name of a contact person at the institution.

Learn Anishinaabemowin

Anishinaabemowin, the language of the Anishinaabe nation, is one of the oldest and most historically important Native American languages in North America, but it is in danger of becoming extinct if not passed on to a new generation. In earlier times, the language was passed on orally from a tribe’s elders to its younger members, but in more recent times, this practice has fallen victim to outside influences.

Learning Ojibwe

The following comprehensive list of learning resources for Ojibwe has been prepared for the SSILA Learning Aids files by Rand Valentine, who teaches linguistics and Ojibwe at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. (Many thanks, Randy!) The dialects covered include: Algonquin, Anishinaabemowin, Central Ojibwe, Chippewa, Eastern Ojibwa, Nipissing, Nishnaabemwin, Northern Ojibwe, Odawa, Oji-Cree, Ojibway, Odawa, Ottawa, Saulteaux, and Severn Ojibwe.

Let's Speak Ojibwe: pronunciation chart

Ojibwe is a branch of the Algonkian language family. This web site used the Double Vowel system to write the language. Although the letters used are taken from the English alphabet, they represent Ojibwe sounds, not English sounds. In the examples below, Ojibwe sounds and English approximations of the Ojibwe sounds are given. However, it is always best to consult a native speaker for the best pronunciation. Correct pronunciation is important, mispronouncing a word can completely change its meaning.

Nanichi's Anishinaabe Dictionary

The Anishinaabe people are more commonly known as the Ojibwe/Ojibwa/Ojibway people. To others, they are known as the Chippewa, in which case the Ojibwa name was mispronounced. If one says "o'chippewa" you can easily see that the two names are simply different pronounciations. You might be interested to know that to others, they are known as the Salteaux and/or the Soto. This page is also here.

NAT-LANG (1994): Ojibwe language-learning materials available.

People interested in Ojibwe language study materials may want to call Ojibwe Mekana. They have two (maybe three by now) cassette-based courses available, and they're pretty good. I've had both the Basic and Advanced sets for awhile now, and I'm pleased with them, so I'm passing the word along.

Niizh Ikwewag - Two Women

Point to any part of the Ojibwe text below with your mouse and an appropriate grammatical/lexical note will appear on the status line at the bottom of your browser window. (This requires a Java-enabled browser.) English translation available here.

Ojibway Indian Language

Vowel Pronunciation when and where - Past tense: Time expressions: Questions with "AANIISH PII": More questions: Useful Expressions: Inanimate nouns: Locative forms: Sentence Patterns: Verbs: and tons more!!

Ojibwe Language and Culture: Language, by Nancy Vogt

Welcome to Ojibwe language and culture. This is not meant to include a complete dictionary or tutorial to learn the language, or to be the final word on cultural issues but I hope it will be a pleasant and interesting introduction. Language essays, Cross-cultural materials, bibliography of further references.

Ojibwe Language Society Homepage

Our Ojibwe Language Table is open to the community. Join us every Monday during the school-year for food and Ojibwe conversation. There's room at the table for beginners and fluent speakers.

Ojibway Learner Page

This page is for fellow learners of the Anishinabe language (Ojibway). At present, it consists of a couple of puzzles I developed for fun, my personal language resource holdings and a short essay about my language learning experience. At the moment, this page is limited by my HTML knowledge and available time. Ojibway language puzzle

Ojibwe Native Language Material - Bibliography

The Way We Speak - CHAPTER 7: OJIBWE*

Established in 1985, MANL promotes Native languages retention by stimulating awareness of the importance of Native languages to cultural development. In partnership with local communities MANL (Manitoba Association for Native Languages, Inc.) works to keep six aboriginal languages alive. Ojibwe, Cree, Dene, Dakota, Island Lake Dialect, and Michif.

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Books, News & Authors

Anishinabe Books listed by - Book Search for Ojibwe

Matches for Keywords are ojibwe ojibwa anishinabe chippewa ojibway chippeway HotBot Search Partners Find books on "ojibwe ojibwa anishinabe chippewa ojibway chippeway" at

Chippewa/Ojibway/Anishinabe Literature

Indigenous Peoples' Literature Compiled by: Glenn Welker

Dibaudjimoh Nawash

Bringing News of the Chippewas of Nawash on the Web Dibaudjimoh on the Web and News From Home, Loby and other Links, Illustrated History of the Chippewas of Nawash.

Fond Du Lac Follies - NFIC Columnists

by Jim Northrup, Jr. Anishinabe.

In the Spirit of Sharing - NFIC Columnists

by Bawdwaywidun, a.k.a. Eddie Benton-Benaise Anishinabe Fourth degree Midewiwin Fish Clan, Ojibwe Anishinabe, LCO Anishinabe Nation of Wisconsin.

Jim Northrup

Jim Northrup, Anishinaabe, writes a syndicated column, Fond du Lac Follies, which is distributed in the The Circle, The Native American Press, and News From Indian Country. In 1990-1992, Jim worked as a roster artist for the COMPAS Writer in the Schools Program. He has been a Mentor in the Loft Inroads Program, a Judge for the Lake Superior Contemporary Writers Series and The Jerome Fellowship, and a Member of the Minnesota State Arts Board Prose Panel. Jim also has given radio commentaries on the Superior Radio Network, National Public Radio, Fresh Air Radio, and the BBC-Scotland.

Lakehead University - Faculty of Education Native Language Instructors' Program, Bookstore Resources

The Lakehead University Bookstore carries a wide range of Ojibwe and Cree titles, as well as many other publications about native peoples. Some of these titles are used in Lakehead University courses, and others are of general interest.

Native American Authors: Chippewa Tribe

The Internet Public Library: Kateri Akiwenzie-Damm, Andrew J. Blackbird, Kimberly M. Blaeser, Diane Burns, Rosemary Christensen, Adam Fortunate Eagle, Louise Erdrich, Ron Evans, Hazel Hart, Gordon Henry, Maude Mitchell Kegg, Clara Sue Kidwell, Jim Northrup, nila northSun, Ferguson Plain, John Rogers, Sun Bear, and Gerald Vizenor Wub-e-ke-niew.

Native American Authors: Ojibwe Tribe

Indian Country News

Twice-monthly, independent Indian-owned newpaper reporting national news, pow-wow dates, and cultural news to all people interested in Indian Country. - Out of Wisconsin.

Ojibwe'Anishinaabe Biidaajimo Online Newsletter

Boozhoo Anishinaabe...welcome to Ojibwe'Anishinaabe Biidaajimo. In developing this web page I decided early on to go beyond the typical home page. By this I mean - Hi! My name is Joe Shinob, I have two rez dogs and a cat, I like powwow music and rock & roll, my interests are casino gambling and snagging. Rather, I saw my personal home page as the opportunity to develop a communication tool that could provide information that focused on issues related to the Native American community and, in particular, to my culture - the Ojibwe'Anishinaabe people.

Resource List for Anishinaabe Educators.

The Tribal Observer

published by the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan. The semi-monthly tabloid-sized newspaper is distributed to all Tribal households and to employees, as well as subscribers across the United States.

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Links to Anishinaabe People

Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

A visit to the Bad River Chippewa Reservation in Northwestern Wisconsin is an exciting and enlightening experience for young and old. More than 95% of the reservation's 124,234 acres remain undeveloped and wild.

Bay Mills Indian Community

Bay Mills Resort & Casino, King's Club Casino, Wild Bluff Golf Course, Bay Mills Community, Biological Services, Maps, & Other Links.

Bois Fort / Nett Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

Bois Fort consists of 3 pieces of land, of which Nett Lake (village, peninsula, lake and surrounding forest) is by far the largest. The Band's French name means "Strong men (or Strength) of the woods", a name this band was given by the French voyageurs.

Chippewa Cree Tribal Council

The Rocky Boy Reservation is home to the Chippewa Cree tribe. The Reservation is located in north central Montana in the Bear Paw Mountains. The tribal headquarters is in the community of Rocky Boy Agency

Fond du Lac Education Division

Including Dan Anderson's Bibliography of Native Resources.

Grand Portage Band of Chippewa Indians

Misty day, canoe seen in the distance over evergreen-surrounded waters with little islands -- it might be a long-ago portrait of an Anishinaabe fishing on one of the lakes that dot the beautiful Grand Portage reservation, at Minnesota's most northeasterly point.

Keweenaw Bay Indian Community

Located on the beautiful shores of Lake Superior (Kitchigami), the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (L'Anse Reservation) is the largest federally recognized "Indian Tribe" in the State of Michigan.

Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

The reservation of the Lac Courte Oreilles (LCO) Band of Lake Superior Chippewa is located within beautiful mixed forest woods, where the broad leaf and great pine trees create extremely diversified ecosystems.

Lac du Flambeau Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa

The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians makes its home on the Lac du Flambeau Indian Reservation locatred in the heart of north central Wisconsin.

Leech Lake Ojibwe - the Flag

Within the red ring the most prominent device is a yellow equilateral triangle. Outside the edges of this triangle starting from the hoist side are symbols of nature, in this case pine trees and a soaring eagle; symbols of education represented by diploma and graduation mortarboard hat; and symbols of justice and the law depicted as the scales of justice. Within the triangle appear a peace pipe and two brown feathers representing the Ojibwe people. The yellow triangle recalls the birchbark wigwams that were the ancient homes of the Ojibwe.

Little Shell Band

A band of the Chippewa Cree Tribe with headquarters in Great Falls, Montana. Not a federally recognized tribe.

Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

By the mid-1700s, the Ojibwe had established themselves in the region around Mille Lacs Lake in what is today Central Minnesota. They supported themselves by hunting deer, bear, moose, waterfowl and small game; fishing the area's lakes and streams; gathering wild rice, maple sugar, and berries; and cultivating plants.

Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation

Located in southwestern Ontario immediately west of the Town of Hagersville and approximately 32 km southeast of the City of Brantford. Northeast is Hamilton at 40 km distant, other major centres including Windsor, Sarnia, London and Toronto are within easy access of New Credit. It is bordered on the west and north by the Six Nations of the Grand River.

Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

Red Cliff hugs the northern shoreline of the Bayfield Peninsula. At one end is Bayfield, on the other is Cornucopia, and between them is the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.

Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians wanted a symbol of our nation; our sovereign nation. The design represents many things, the shape of the upper and lower Red Lake has been our trademark due to its unique shape and what it means to us; fresh water and food (walleye). The circle represents the powerful "circle of life" for ours and countless other tribes. Unity without end. The trees mark our dependence on them for shelter, transportation, warmth and many feelings of belonging to the land.

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan

On this web site, you'll find information about our tribal government, including details about the services we provide to tribal members and to the local community. To help you to understand the foundation upon which our community is built, we have provided information about our history and culture.

Sandy Lake Band of the Mississippi Ojibwe

The remnants of the Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Ojibwe reside on and near a 32.35 acre reservation in Aitkin County, Minnesota. The reservation lies nestled in the southern part of the famous Arrowhead country; a region of fish-filled lakes, of deep valleys, and of rugged pine and hardwood covered hills. The reservation is located approximately one hundred and twenty-five miles north of the Twin Cities and sixty miles west of Duluth, near the town of McGregor, Minnesota.

Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians

The Original Bands of Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa Indians were an identifiable tribally organized entity long before their first contact with white explorers which occurred about the year 1620. The geographic area extended from Grand Island near the present city of Munising.

Sokaogon Chippewa Tribe (Mole Lake)

In the early autumn when the leaves begin to change color, the Sokaogon Indians of Mole Lake make their way to Rice Lake, and one of the last remaining ancient wild rice beds in the state of Wisconsin.

St. Croix Chippewa Tribe

The St. Croix Chippewa Reservation in northwest Wisconsin is scattered in a checkerboard of 11 separate communities over a four-county area. Tribal headquarters is located in the Burnett County reservation community of Big Sand Lake, near the unincorporated village of Hertel.

Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

This page was created to provide information about the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, and to serve as a place for tribal members and others to share ideas and get information about the events and programs offered by the tribe. Please feel free to sign the guestbook, and make sure that you fill out the quizlet on your tribal affiliation.

White Earth Band of Chippewa

Located in northwestern Minnesota, the White Earth reservation encompasses about 1300 square miles, but most of that land is no longer Indian-owned, due to allotment and tax forfeiture losses in the early 20th century.

Windigo First Nations Council

Takes its direction from the leadership of the Chiefs of the governing member communities in Ontario. The Council has two main functions. They are: 1.To develop programs and services that respond to the needs of the Band members within the six communities of the Windigo area. 2.To negotiate with other levels of government on various aspects of First Nations’ jurisdiction and control. Such representation is based on, but does not compromise, the treaty and inherent rights positions held by the elected leaders and elders of the member communities.


George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh; Ojibwa) (1818-1869)

Students need information about the Ojibwas as a group. They also need to understand the relationship between Copway's autobiography, the Indian Removal Bill, and the attempts to move the Ojibwa out of Minnesota. They need as well an understanding of how Native American autobiography differs from that of non-Indians. See discussion below.

Paul Buffalo

When Everybody Called Me Gah-bay-bi-nayss: "Forever-Flying-Bird" An Ethnographic Biography of Paul Peter Buffalo by Tim Roufs Department of Sociology - Anthropology -Criminology - Humanities / Classics College of Liberal Arts University of Minnesota - Duluth

Ojibway Role Models

Ojibway author Louise Erdrich, Ojibway NHL hockey player Chris Simon, Ojibway Elder, Teacher, Storyteller Maude Kegg, Ojibway Artist Norval Morrisseau, Ojibway Elder/Activist/Writer/Spiritual Leader Edward Benton-Banai, Ojibway Author/Story-Teller/Scholar Basil Johnston, Ojibway Activist/Writer Winona LaDuke, Ojibway Elder/Tribal Chairman Roger Jourdain, Ojibway Activist Clyde Bellecourt, Ojibway Writer/Poet Jim Northrup, Ojibway Warrior Leonard Peltier, Ojibway Author/Scholar Gerald Vizenor, Ojibway NHL Coach of the Year Ted Nolan and Ojibway Activist Dennis Banks.

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Other Ojibwe Resources

Anishinaabenaang - Maps

The following map images are 1350x975 pixels, so that each one fits on a standard 8½"x11" sheet, with one-inch margins, landscape orientation, at a resolution of 150 pixels per inch. Unlabeled With reservations labeled With select towns labeled A table provides glosses for the Ojibwe place names on these maps, and the names in official (Gichimookomaan) use. Dr. Brian R. Donovan abstract portrait by son Trevor at age 4 Associate Professor of English, Bemidji State University (BSU), Bemidji, Minnesota, USA

Electric Library Personal Edition - Results for Ojibwe

HotBot Search Partners · Research "ojibwe ojibwa anishinabe chippewa ojibway chippeway" at Electric Library.

Minnesota Indian Tribes: Reservations, Treaties

Click on the numbered reservations to learn about them. Or use the list: Ojibwe History 1.White Earth, 2.Leech Lake/Cass Lake, 3.Red Lake, 4.Bois Fort (Nett Lake), 5.Grand Portage, 6.Fond du Lac, 7.Mille Lacs, 7d. Sandy Lake Band.

Midwest Treaty Network; map - Sulfide Mining in Wisconsin

Sulphide Mining in Wisconsin and its threats to Indian lands there, Midwest Treaty Network, Zoltan Grossman cartographer

Quiet Storm

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