Nipmuc Place Names of New England


Abaquage Pond, Windham County - "place where rushes or flags grow". Also spelled: Appaquaog, Appaquag. "...a flaggy meadow...on the n.w. corner of [old] Windham bounds." Chandler, 1705. "Abaquage pond." Col. Rec., iii. 202. At or near "Grigg's Swamp," in s.e. corner of Eastford. Little River, which rises near this swamp, was called Appaquag river. The pond appears to have been one of the so. bounds of the Wabaquasset country.

Acquebatuck Hill, in Ashford - "at the end of the river".

Acqueedenuck or Acquidaneck, Windham County - (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) "place beyond the hill". The eastern limit of the south bounds of the Quinebaug lands claimed by Hyems3 (see Allum, RI), on "a high hill," about one mile so. easterly from Acquiunk near the great falls (Danielsonville). Col. Rec. L., ii. 305, 309; Larned's History of Windham County, i. 115. In South Killingly.

Acquiunk Falls and Hill, Windham County - probably, "at the place below (agwi)" the falls. "A hill thirty or forty rods s.e. from" the upper falls of the Quinebaug River, at Danielsonville; "which said falls are known to the Indians by the name of Ac-qui-unk." Chandler, 1705; CT Archives, T. & L., ii. 187; Larned's History of Windham County, 115. According to testimony by Passagcogon, a Quinebaug Indian, in 1704: A small fort stood on the hill in which only four families had wigwams. The head man at the fort was called Wan-non-chau-mooh.

Acqunkoke or Acquunkquoke, Windham County - "elevated place" or "high land"; gunnunkque ohke. See Acquiunk (CT).

Acunepequash Brook, Windham County - "high level ground".

? Anqueet - named as one of the east bounds of the Wabaquasset country, 1684. Co. Rec., iii. 150.

Appaquag River, Windham County - "where flags (for making mats) grow". Also found as Appaquaog; and see Abaquage.

Aquebapaug Pond, New London County - "land before (alongside of, on this side of, or in front of) the pond". Near the head of Pawcatuck River, but below the pond called Chipchug. Co. Rec., iii. 275. "Probably Worden's Pond", near the west line of So. Kingstown, RI. Parson's Indian Names, p. 9.

Aquibapaug Pond, Windham County - See Aquebapaug (CT).

Assawaga River, the Five Mile River in Windham County - "place between" or "halfway place." Also Assowaga, Assawaug. See Nashawag (CT) and Assawaga (MA).

Atchaubenuck, Atshaboonnuck - the s.e. corner bound of Quinebaug lands. Indian Testimony, 1701, in Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 308. It adjoined the Narraganset country.

Attawaugan Village, Windham County - (possibly Nipmuc) "a knoll, or hill, or height of land". [Note: Trumbull states that this is "Not an Indian place-name."]

Auquebatuck Hill, Tolland County - "top of tree". Also Owibetuck. On the n.e. line of Lebanon, partly in Windham.

Babaquamshk, Windham County - "split rock".

Chaubamaug, Windham County - "fishing place at boundary".

Chaubongum Pond, Windham County - "the boundary mark", or "the limit".

Cheapschaddock, Cheeapschaddock, New London County - "big rocks at boundary place". A place east of Shetucket River, now in Preston. F. A. Caulkins, MS. Also Checapecaddock.

Cheekheek, Windham County (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "fire place". A bound-mark in the no. line of the Wabaquasset country (1684), next easterly from Natick hill, the n.w. corner. Col. Rec.. iii. 150.

Chicomico Creek, New London County - "large enclosed place", or "big house".

Chikkabi Hills, Hartford County - "cedar"? or "birch bark"? See Chicopee (MA).

Chipchug Pond, New London County - "place apart", or "boundary place". Said by the Indians to be the head of Pawcatuck River (id., 166; Col. Rec., iii. 275); "probably either Sherman's or Teft's pond, in So. Kingstown" (Parsons Indian Names, 12).

Conaytuck Brook, New London County - "long stream" or "tall tree"? Also Connoughtug. In Preston, on land sold by the Mohegan Oweneco to Samuel Amos, 1685. F. M. Caulkins' History of Norwich, 244, 247.

Congamuck Lakes, Hartford County - "long fishing place".

A pond at n.w. corner of Suffield, partly in MA. Conguamock, on Blodgett's Map. The last two syllables (amaug) denote a fishing-place; but quon-komuk means "long house" or "long enclosed-place".

Congamund Pond, Hartford County - "long enclosed fishing-lake". See Congamuck (CT).

Ekonk, Windham County (Nipmuc?) - "a bend or turn".

Elat, Windham County - "toward the hills"? One of the w. bounds of the Wabaquasset country, 1684; next northerly from Mashenups [see Moshenupsuck (CT)] between Tolland & Ellington. Col. Rec., iii. 156; Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 118, 119.

Kuttutuck, the Blackstone River, Windham County - "the principal river" or "the great river". Also Kuttatuck, Kittituck, Kuttuck, Quttuc, etc. "The great river called Kuttatuck or Nipmug river," so named in the first deed of the Nipmuck country, by the Natick Indians in 1681. Kehtetuk means 'great' or 'principal river'.

Maanexit, Fabyan - "path" or "gathering"; also "place of meekness". Also see Manexit and Mayanexit (CT).

Machimucket (1702) Brook, Windham County - "bad fish here". See Mashamoquet (CT).

Mahmunsqueag (and Manhumsqueeg), Windham County, (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "gravelly place". "The spot resorted to for whetstones", "in the Whetstone country", 7 miles n. 20 e. from the no. end of Egunk hill, and 3 m. no. e. from the falls of Quinebaug river. Chandler's survey, 1705; Mohegan Case, 48. Munhumsqueeg, Col. Rec., iii. 149. A quarry near the mouth of Whetstone brook (a branch of Assawog river) in Killingly. It was the n.e. bound-mark of the Mohegan territory claimed by Uncas.

Manexit River, Fabyan - "near the path" or "he gathers them together". See Mayanexit and Maanexit (CT).

Mashamoquet Brook & State Park, Pomfret - "at the important fishing place". A brook which runs through Pomfret, so. easterly and easterly, to uinebaug river, about 1 mi. north of Brooklyn no. line. The name (massa-amaug-ut) was given to a large tract, "the Mashamoquet Purchase", on which Pomfret was settled. Also Mashamugget, Mashamugket, Machi-mucket, Moshamoquett and Massamugget.

Mashapaug Pond in Union - "a large pond". See also Mashapauge (MA) and Mashipaug (CT) & (MA).

Mashipaug (now Alexander's Lake in Killingly and Gardiner's Lake in Salem, Bozrah & Montville). Also Massapoag. See Mashapaug (CT).

Mashomuck (maybe two places with this name--in Windham County & Worcester County, MA) - "where they go by boat or canoe".

Massomuck Stream, Windham County - "great fishing place". This was in the neighborhood of Wabaquasset Village, 1700. Also see Mashomuck and Mashamoquet.

Matush, Windham County, (Nipmuc?) - "leggings"?

Maumansuck, Windham County, (Nipmuc?) - "where two streams meet"?

Mayanexit, Mananexit, Fabyan - "where the road lies" or "where we gather". An Indian Village in or near the north part of Woodstock [now Thompson], "near unto a fresh river, upon the west of it, called Mohegan [now Quinebaug] river." Gookin, 1674. The river which was "formerly called Mayenexit" was "now Quinebaug" in 1694. Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 244. The word Mayanexit may have been formed from mayano 'there is a path, or road', or its participial, maanog 'where the path is'--since the village was near the "Connecticut Path" to and from Massachusetts. Or, it may come from miyanau 'he gathers together', participial mayanuk 'when (or where) he gathers them together'--alluding to the establishment of a community of Christian Indians at this place. Also see Maanexit and Manexit (CT).

Missatchawag, In Stafford or Somers? - "place at the great hill". (From massa-adchu-auk, 'at the great hill'?) In the w. bounds of the Nipmuc country, betw. Wequepamish and Elat. See Oweneco's deed to Jas. Fitch, 1684. Co. Rec. Lands, iii. 156. Also Miscetchawog.

Momagegwetuck Brook, now Rowland's Brook in Canterbury, (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "river abounding in small fish". It runs southerly to the Quinebaug. Co. Rec. Lands, ii. 166.

Moshenupsuck, Tolland County - "great brook (or pond)" or "great outlet". The outlet of Moshenups (now Snipsic) pond which lies in Tolland, Ellington and the n.e. angle of Vernon. "Moshe-nup-suck, at the so. end of a pond" (Chandler's Survey, 1705) was the n.w. corner bound of the Mohegan country and the s.w. bound of Wabaquasset in present-day Woodstock. The name was transferred to the stream which flowed from the pond, now Hockanum river. "A great pond called Misshinaps", Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 118; Messhenups pond," Co. Rec. Lands, iii. 164.

Munnacommuck, Windham County - "island place" or "island plantation" or "berry plantation".

Namaquaog, Windham County (exact location unknown), probably Nipmuc - "fish-place". Also Mamaquag, in Willimantic, CT.

Nansquatog, Windham County - "above the confluence of two rivers". A tract on Quinebaug river, "above the meeting of the two rivers", sold by a Nipmuc Indian in 1684. Stonington T. Rec. Lands.

Nantasket Brook, Windham County, (Nipmuc? Natick?) - "at the strait" or "place of the ebb tide"? In the s.e. part of Pomfret, running no. to Mashamoquet brook near its junction with the Quinebaug. Ellen D. Larned, from a deed in 1714.

Nashawag, Windham County - "between two river branches". Variants: Nashaway, Nashua, Nashawog, Assawog. A so. e. bound of the Wabaquasset country, northerly of the great falls of the Quinebaug river (Oweneco's deed to J. Fitch, 1684; Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 118, 119). The point 'between' Quinebaug and Five Mile rivers in Killingly. The name has been transferred--as Assawaga or Assawogga--to the Five Mile River.

Nashaway, Windham County - See Nashawag. 'Between' the French and Quinebaug Rivers in Thompson.

Nashuatukqut, New London County, (Nipmuc?) - "between two rivers", the Yantic and the Quinebaug. Also found as Nashuatukut.

Natchaug River & State Forest, Windham County - "land between rivers". (nashau-auke).

Neetmock River (the Blackstone River), New London County - another form of Nipmuck, "fresh water place".

Nemonunck or Nominick, Windham County - "land to be seen far off" or "elevated land" or "Nemo's place"? Easterly from the Great Falls of the Quinebaug, where Nemo -- a kinsman of Ayumps (or Hyems)3 -- had a fort. Ind. Testimony, 1716. It was at Acquiunk, a point at the junction of the Quinebaug and Assawog rivers, now in Danielson. Larned's Hist. of Windham Co., i. 4.

Newichawannuk Hill, Windham County - "extended rapids, at the fork in the river". A hill in the s.e. part of Pomfret and n.e. part of Brooklyn, near which Gov. Belcher's "Manor of Wiltshire" was laid out in 1714. Conn. Arch., T. & L. iii. 29. "Newitchawannah hills", in Co. Rec. Lands, ii. 203. Also spelled "Newichawannak, Newichawannock.

Nipmuc Path - led up from Wequagnoc on the Shetucket, near Norwich Town, by the valley of Abaquag (Little) River, to Abaquag meadow. Conn. Arch., T. & L., ii. 271.

Ocquebituck Hill, Tolland County - meaning unclear, perhaps "separated from river" or "top of a tree" -- probably the latter. "...partly in Ashford and partly in Union." C.A., Towns and Lands, vii. 56. "...a hill called Ocquebituque about twenty-eight miles from Windsor...This hill Ocquebituque was in the southwest part of the town of Union...and extended into the town of Ashford." A lead mine was opened on this hill in 1658 by a European settler.

Ocquiunk Hill, Windham County - "under the tree". See Acquiunk.

Owweonhungganuck, Tolland County - "where fish come to lay eggs"? or "place where we gather eggs" (gull, plover or turtle eggs). Another source gives "beyond the drinking place" and "beyond the fishing place". Also Oweeonhonganock, Owwaenungganuck. [According to Trumbull, Owweeonhungganuck is a Mohegan word meaning: a place "where the people go to catch salmon" on Willimantic River, "half a mile below the road from Hartford to Woodstock." Between Willington and Tolland.]

Pacomsuck Island, Windham County - "swift narrow brook" or "cleared lands". See Peagscomsuck (CT).

Paquantuck River, Windham County - "clear, open or shallow river". See also Poquannatuck (CT) and Paquantuck (RI).

Paskeegh, Windham County - "at the branch of the stream". See Pascoag (RI).

Paspatanage, Windham County - "at the branch in the stream".

Patacomumscott, Windham County - "place of the round rock". See Puttacawmaumshcuck (CT).

Pattaquodtuck, presently the Quadic or Quaddick section of Thompson - "round hill near the river". A factory village in the so. e. part of Thompson, on Five Mile river. Also spelled Pattaquottuck, Pottaquattic. See Quaddick (CT).

Paukyowohhog, New London County - possibly, "purifying place" (a sweat-lodge?); perhaps, "cleared land". Near the mouth of Prior's (or Varnum's) brook, in Canterbury. Col. Rec. Lands, iii. 166.

Pautapaug Hill, Windham County - "the jutting cove or pond". The name fits a pond nearby. Other spellings: Poattapogue, Potabauge, Potapogue.

Pautipaug, Windham County - "miry land". In Sprague (formerly the n.e. part of Franklin) w. of Shetucket river. Also spelled: Patapogue, Pootapaug, Pautiboag, etc.

Pawtuckquachooge (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - A place "at the no. end of Egunk [see Ekonk (CT)] hill, where a great spring issues out and runs down into Moosup's" river. Chandler's Survey, 705: he wrote the name, "Pat-hig-wad-chaug". Near the line between Plainfield and Sterling. Hyems (Allumps)3 the Quinebaug sachem had a fort there, in 1673. CT Arch. T.&L., ii. 187-8. Poughtugwotchaug, in Col. Rec., iii. 149.

Peagscomsuck Island, about half a mile above the mouth of Varnum's brook, near Packersville in Plainfield - An island in Qinebaug river, near the mouth of "a great brook" (The Mohegan Oweneco's grant to J. Fitch), which gave a name to a tract of land on the west side of the river, and to the plantation that became the town of Canterbury. Also, Pigscomsuck, Pidgecomsuck (Co. Rec. Lands, ii. 166).

Peagwompsh, in Sterling, near the RI line (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "bare rocks". The upper part of Moosup's river, or a branch of that river, "near 3 miles e. from the no. end of Egunk [see Ekonk (CT)] hill". Col. Rec. Lands, iii. 169.

Pemenos, Windham County - "small path" or "narrow trail".

Pissoups, Windham County (?) - "mucky place"?

Poakyowohog, Windham County - "land cleared and prepared for planting". See Paukyowohhog (CT).

Podunk, Hartford County - "where you sink in mire", a boggy place. East of CT river, near the line between South Windsor and E. Hartford. Podunk brook flows s. westerly through So. Windsor, to the CT river at the E. Hartford no. line. Potunck, Col. Rec., i. 304. In the Indian deed to Windsor, 1636, this "brook or rivulet" is "called Potaecke" (Stiles's Windsor, 110); in a deed of 1671, Potunke; in 1687, Podunk.

Pompwanganug Hill, Windham County - "where the trail turns or bends". A hill between Woodstock & Thompson. Also Pomponagaug.

Poquannatuck River, New London County (Nipmuc? Pequot?) - "shallow river"? or "the plain near the river"? The river has its source in Ponaganset pond, 2 mi. east of the CT line. Also Poquanatuck, Paquantuck.

Powntuck/Powntucket, Windham County - "river-falls". At the Great Falls on the Quinebaug river, at Danielsonville. "Powntuck is a general name for all falls" (Chandler's Survey & CT Archives, 'Indians', i.54). "Pau-tuck-et", sometimes pronounced Pown-tuck-uck" (Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 305, 310).

Powntuxet, Windham County - "at the little falls" of the Quinebaug river, at Jewett City in Griswold. "Powen-tux-it, sometimes pronounced Powen-tux-uck, Little Falls" (Quinebaug Indian testimony, 1701, in CT Arch. T.&L., ii. 187; Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 308, 310).

Puttacawmaumshcuck, Tolland County, (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "at the round rock" or "at the fishing place near the round rock". See Wianumeisses (CT).

Quaddick State Park & Reservoir, Thompson - If Nipmuc, perhaps "bend or oxbow in river". See Pattaquodtuck (CT).

Quanatusset, Windham County - "at the long brook". Also Quanutusset, Quatissik, Quatiske, etc.

Quantisset, Windham County - "long brook". See Quinetusset.

Queghommatch, Windham County - "shaking (or trembling) mountain".

Quidnic River & Pond, Windham County - from Acqueedenuck, "place at the end of the hill".

Quinebaug Pond, Windham County, & River, New London County - "long pond". A name frequently occurring in New England. The long pond now in the s.e. part of Killingly gave a name to the Quinebaug band of Nipmuc Indians and to the river which flows through their territory, uniting with the Shetucket near Norwich. The report of the commissioners on Indian titles in 1701 (Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 305) gives the boundaries of the "the land that is properly called Quinabaug country: On the river, their northern bound was Pawtucket [see Powntuck (CT)], the Great Falls at Danielsonville; the southern, Pawtuxet ("Powentuxet") [see Powntuck (CT)] the Little Falls, near Jewett-City.

Quinetusset, Quantisset, in Thommpson - "long brook". An Indian village about "6 mi. south [east] of Maanexit" (Gookin) (on Thompson hill, near the center of the town?). Quanutusset (Eliot); Quatissik, Quatiske (MA Rec., iv. (2), 357-8. "The ruins of an old Indian fort" stood on this hill, in 1727 (Col. Rec. Lands, iv. 539).

Quinnatisset Brook & Pond, Windham County - "long brook" or "little long river". See Quinetusset (CT).

Sagiask, Windham County (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "hard rocks". In the e. line of the Wabaquasset country, northerly from Quinebaug falls (The Mohegan Oweneco's Deed, 1684, in Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 118-9). Also Sagioshk, Sajus.

Sagumumpsketuck (the Hop River), Tolland County (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "river that runs through hard rock"? The more northerly and westerly of two tracts, each containing a large boggy meadow, granted by Joshua [a Mohegan] to Major Jno. Talcott, 1675 (Col. Rec. Lands, iv. 334). In Bolton, Coventry or Andover. The name signifies 'land at, or near, a hard rock', songk-ompsk-it-auke. The prefix, siogke (and soggoh, Eliot) 'hard', distinguishes the kinds of stone most used by the Indians for making axes, lance-heads, pestles, etc.

Scantic (Scantuck) River & Village, Hartford County - "branch of the river". A small river flowing s.w. through East Windsor to the Connecticut river at the present line between East and South Windsor. "The river Skeantocke was the no. bound of Newashe, in the Indian deed of 1636. Originally Peskantuk or Peskatuk. Other spellings: Scantuck, Skeantocke, Scuntock.

Scanticook, Hartford County - "at the river fork". A village and fort anciently on the north bank of Scantic River.

Scitico Village, Hartford County - "land at the river branch". In the e. part of Enfield, on Scantic river, and like the name of that river, a corruption of peskatuk 'at the branch' or peskatuk-ohke 'land at the branch'. Also found as Skittico, Squitikko.

Segunesit, Windham County (possibly Nipmuc) - "where we go in the spring or early summer". In Woodstock?

Senexet, Senexit Valley & Meadow, in Union - "place of small stones".

Shenunkchooge, Windham County? - Near the n.e. corner of the Quinebaug lands claimed by Hyems3; a little w. of Wishquodiniack, also Shhenukchoog. Indian Testimony in CT Archives, t. & Lands, ii. 188. Near the e. line of CT, in Killingly (or in Foster, RI?).

Skunkamug, the Hop River, Tolland County - "eel fishing here". A brook which runs southerly through Tolland and Coventry, receiving several smaller brooks and, in the so. part of Coventry & Andover, named Hop river. Also Skungemaug and Shonkamonk. [Possibly a corruption of Ouschankamaug (Mohegan) or Cheeschankamuck (Tunxis)].

Tatnic Brook & Hill, Windham County - The hill is in the s.w. part of Brooklyn. West and south of it, Tatnick brook runs s.e. to Blackwell's brook, in the n.e. corner of Canterbury. Lester's Map, 1833. Probably for k't-adene-k "at the great hill"; or perhaps wut-aden-ek "at the hill". Also Tatnick, Tatnit (MA).

Towcocks, Windham County - "cold place" or "cold weather". Possibly, "at the wading place".

Tuckachawan, Windham County - "mist over the wooded hill". In the e. part of Windham (now Scotland); one of the bounds of a tract of land, "from where Merrick's brook runs into the Shetucket river". Wm. L. Weaver, from Windham Records.

Uhquanchaug, Windham County - "the end of the hill" uhque-adchu-uk, or possibly "hook-shaped hill" uhquan-adchau-uk. In the w. line of the territory claimed by the Quinebaug band of Nipmucs, n. westerly from the great falls at Danielsonville; fixed upon by the committees of 1701, as the n.w. boundary of the tract sold to Gov. Winthrop by Hyems3. Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 305. CT Archives, Towns & Lands, ii. 188. The same as, or very near, Weyoughchaug; not far from Paine Hill, in the s.w. corner of Pomfret.

Wabaquasset, Wabaquassuck, Windham County - Names indiscriminately applied to "a tract west of the Quinebaug river, no. of a line running no. westerly from the junction of the Quinebaug and Assawog rivers". Larned's Hist. of Windham County, i. I. Wabquisset, a village of praying Indians "six miles w. of Mohegan [Quinebaug] river". Gookin. Wapaquasset hill, on the (present) so. line of Woodstock. "The bounds of the Wabaquassutt and Nipmuck country," as fixed by [the Mohegan] Oweneco's deed of 1684. Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 118-9 and iii. 150. The s.w. corner was at Moshenupsuck (the outlet of Snipsic pond, near the n.e. corner of Vernon); the n.w. at "Natick hill" (in Worcester or Hampden county, MA); the n.e. at Pemenoss, and the s.e. at Quinebaug Falls. After the Pequot war of 1637, the Wabaquasset Indians w. of Quinebaug river became subject to Uncas (Mohegan). Eliot (in MA Archives, Indians, i. 146) wrote the name Wabuhquoshish, "the mats for covering the house". The name originally belonged to some particular locality where the Indians obtained flags used for making mats.

Wabaquassick (John Pynchon, 1675), Windham County - "place of the white stones"? or "mats for covering a lodge"? Also Wabasquassuck.

Wabaquassit, Tolland County - (at the place where we make) "mats for house-coverings". Variant, Wabaquassuck. See Wabaquasset (CT).

Wabquisset, Windham County - an ancient village, "west of the Quinebaug River". See Wabaquasset (CT).

Wabuhquosish - same as Wabaquasset.

Wahmunsqueeg, in Killingly - "the spot resorted to for whetstones".

Walopeconek, in Voluntown - "at the good little plantation"? or "at the end of the plantation"?

Wanungatuck, Windham County, (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "..or a brook and hill on the west side of Quinebaug river" (Indian Testimony in Co. Rec. Lands, iii. 308; CT Archives T. & Lands, ii. 188). In the n.e. part of Canterbury, "at the bend, or winding, of the river". The hill is now called Nunkertunk; an Indian fort stood on this hill. Also Waunungtatuck, Wongattuck.

Wapososhequash Hill, Windham County, (Nipmuc?) - "white grasses"? or "white fruits", i.e., "chestnuts"?

Wappaqua Brook, Windham County - "flags or cattails".

Wappaquassett Pond, Windham County - "at the place of flags or cattails". Also see Wabaquasset (CT).

Wappoquian's Brook, Pomfret - Possibly "the white plume". Note: Webaquian, a Wabequasset or Nipmuc Indian, was a subject of Uncas [a Mohegan] after "King Philip's" war, and witnessed the Mohegan Oweneco's deed to Major J. Fitch in 1684. The brook "runs by the burying-ground in the First Parish, and empties into Mashamoquet brook." (Hunt's Hist. Discourse). [Note: Wenepaykin, alias Sagamore George, was in Massachusetts 1616-1684.]

Washwantonowmoh Hill, Windham County - "hill where testimony was taken"? Also Washwantownowmoh, Washwantownowmow, etc.

Washwantowminunk Hill, Windham County - "hill where the large strawberries grow"? A hill in Woodstock, w. of Muddy brook. (Town Recs., 1686, 1695; Larned's Hist. of Windham County, i. 37) Also Washwantohminunk. See Washwantonowmoh (CT).

Watchoog Brook, Tolland County - "at the hill" or "hilly country".

Watuppa Pond, Tolland County - "roots to be used in sewing" or "where we sit and talk"?

Wawog Pond, New London County - "crooked pond".

Weaquassick, Windham County - called the n.w. boundary of the Quinebaug lands. Col. Rec. Lands, iii. 308. See Weyouchaug (CT).

Wegquapamisk, Tolland County - "at the rock summit" or "at the end of the rocks" or "rocks at end place". This was a boundary-mark at the western end of the Wabaquasset Country.

Wepaug, Tolland County, (Nipmuc?) - "edge of the pond".

Wequepamish, Windham County - "place at the end of the rocks".

Wesquacksaug Brook, Windham County - "end place" or "source".

Weyouchaug, Windham County - "as far as the mountain" or "at the end of the mountain". By testimony of Quinebaug Indians, 1706, this was the n.w. bound of Hyems'3 land; about 5 miles w. of Quinebaug river. CT Archives, T. & L., ii. 188; We-you-chaug-guck, Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 309. Near the so. line of Pomfret. Also given as Weyoughchaug, Weyeouchaug, Weyouchaugguck, etc. See Uhquanchaug (CT).

Wianumeisses, Wyanemesis, Near the line between Voluntown & Exeter, RI - In or near the s.e. corner of the Quinebaug country claimed by Hyems3. According to Indian testimony, 1701, the s.e. corner of the Quinebaug land was at Wianemeises Putacawmaumshcuck; though some Quinebaug Indians fixed the s.e. corner at Atchaubennuck, placing Wianemeisses 'at a distance, in the line [no. easterly] from the corner, on one side', and Putacccawmumshcuck in the line on the other side. CT Archives, T. & L. ii. 188; Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 308. It "bounded on the Narraganset country."

Wickaboxet, Windham County - "end of the small pond" or "as far as the small pond".

Willimantic, Reservoir & River, Tolland County & City, Windham County - "Waramanticut river", according to Mohegan Oweneco's deed, 1684 and Col. Rec., iii. 202; Wallamanticuk, Wewemantick river, C.A., T. & Lands, v. 119; Weammantuck, Chandler's Survey, 1705. The name did not originally belong to the river, but to some locality on or near its course. The first two syllables may stand for winni (varying in local dialects to wirri, waure, willi, we'e) "good, fine, pleasant" or wowean (wewe, waenu, etc.) "round about", "winding". The last two syllables may represent manatuck "a look-out, or place of observation" (usually a hilltop) or mahantick, manantik "a cedar swamp". So, as the name comes to us it may be interpreted: "a good look out" (designating some bold hill near the river), "good cedar-swamp" -- or "where it winds about a bold hill", or "cedar swamp".

Winicowett, Windham County - "place of good pines".

Wishquagawans, Windham County - "mist over the end of the meadows".

Wishquodiniack, Windham County - As pronounced by Quinebaug Indians (Testimony, in T. & L., ii. 188), "Wish-quat-en-ni-og" and "Wishquodiniack", it appears to mean 'walnut-tree land', wishquatinne-auke;, or 'walnut-tree hill land' wishquut-adene-auke. The n.e. bound-mark of the Quinebaug country claimed by Hyems3. Ind. Testimony in T. & L., ii. 188. It was very near to (and eastward from) Machepaconaponsuck and Shenunkchooge (CT). Also spelled Wishquatenniog, Wussoquatak, etc.

Wongumbaug Lake, Tolland County (Nipmuc? Mohegan?) - "bent or crooked pond". (If Mohegan, "overflowed pond".) The name was extended over a considerable tract of land in the e. part of Coventry and to so. part of Tolland. Waldo's Tolland Address, 17. Also spelled Wangombog, Wangunbog.

Wonkituck, Windham County - "crooked river".

Wonococomaug Pond, Hartford County - "fish weir"? or "fishing place"?

Wuttochoquisk, Tolland County - "rocky hill". Also spelled: Wachaqueage and Wochokeisquas.

Yeushquatuck, in Pomfret - Named by the Quinebaug Indians as a boundary-mark in the no. line of Quinebaug lands; between Mashapaug (Killingly pond) and Weyonghchauguck [see Weyouchaug (CT)], in the n.w. corner boundary. Col. Rec. Lands, ii. 309.

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