Native American Technology & Art

Bradford, William. 1981 Of Plimoth Plantation. New York City, New York: Random House,

Ceci, Lynn 1982 The Value of wampum among the New York Iroquois: A case study in artifact analysis. in Journal of Anthropological Research. 38(1): 97-107.

Ceci, Lynn 1990 "Native Wampum as a Peripheral Resource in the Seventeenth-Century Word-System." in The Pequots in Southern New England, The Fall and Rise of an American Indian Nation. L.M. Hauptman and J.D. Wherry, ed.s. Pp. 48-63. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.

Church, Colonel Benjamin 1975 Diary of King Philip's War 1675-1676. Introduction by Alan and Mary Simpson. Published for the Little Compton Historical Society; Tiverton, RI: Lockwood Publications.

DeForest, John W. 1850 History of The Indians of Connecticut. Brighton, Michigan: Native American Book Publisher,

Fogelman, Gary L. 1991 Glass Trade Beads of the Northeast, And including Aboriginal Bead Industries: Stone - Bone - Shell - Catlinite - Cannel Coal - Teeth. Pennsylvania: Fogelman Publishing Co.

Gookin, Daniel. 1792 "Historical Collections of the Indians in New England". N.p.: Massachussets Historical Society, Collection I Series I.

Hayes, Charles F., gen. ed. 1989 Proceedings of the 1986 Shell Bead Conference; Selected Papers. New York: Rochester Museum and Science Center, Research Records No. 20.

Heath, Dwight B., ed. 1963 A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plimoth-1622 (Mourt's Relation). New York City, New York: Corinth Books,

Jennings, Francis 1976 The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Josselyn, John 1972 New England's Rarities Discovered. Meriden: Meriden Gravure Co. (First published 1672).

Leavitt, Robert M and David A Francis, eds. 1990 Wapapi Akonutomakonol ~ The Wampum Records: Wabanaki Traditional Laws. (68 pp., illustrated) Fredericton: Micmac-Maliseet Institute, UNB . For information about availability: Micmac-Maliseet Institute, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 6E3

Orchard, William C. 1975 Beads and Beadwork of the American Indians. New York: Museum of the American Indian / Heye Foundation.

Russell, Howard 1980 Indian New England Before the Mayflower. Hanover: University Press of New England.

Salisbury, Neal. 1982 Manitou and Providence. New York City, New York: Oxford U P.

Simmons, William S. 1970 Cautantowwit's House: An Indian Burial Ground on the Island of Conanicut in Narragansett Bay. Providence, RI: Brown University Press.

Snow, Dean R. 1980 The Archaeology of New England. New York: Academic Press.

Speck, Frank G. 1976 Penobscot Man,: The Life History of a Forest Tribe in Maine. New York: Octagon Books.

Speck, Frank 1919 The Functions of Wampum Among the Eastern Algonkian. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: American Anthropological Association,

Tehanetorens 1972 Wampum Belts. Onchiota, NY.: Six Nations Indian Museum. Reprinted 1983. Ontario, Canada: Iroqrafts ltd.

Trigger,Bruce G. ed. 1978 Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15. W. Sturtevant, gen. ed. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.

Vaughan, Alden T. 1979 New England Frontier; Puritans and Indians 1620-1675. Revised edition. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Wood, William. 1977 New England's Prospect. London, England: 1634. Ed. Alden T. Vaughn. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press,

Many thanks to Courtney Anderson (Nianticoke) for our many discussions about wampum. Courtney lives in Rhode Island and has been making beautiful wampum beads and pendants for many years using the traditional techniques he learned as well as modern methods he has developed himself.

I am deeply indebted to Shelley Smith (Quapaw) for teaching me most of what I know about bead weaving techniques.

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© 1996 Tara Prindle.